International No Smoking Day – celebrated annually on the third Thursday of November in most countries. Established by the American Cancer Society in 1977 after recognizing the detrimental effects of smoking on the human body and the ability of regular smoking to provoke cancer.
Countries around the world soon joined the useful initiative, and later, in 1988, at the suggestion of the WHO, the younger brother of this International Day – World No Tobacco Day, which is celebrated annually on May 31. Tells the head of the Department of Tuberculosis and Pulmonology, Professor Vasily Ivanovich Petrenko:
“WHO statistics are very sad. The tobacco epidemic of the twentieth century claimed the lives of more than 100 million people. In the 21st century, this figure may grow by an order of magnitude. About 63% of all deaths on earth are due to non-communicable diseases. Smoking in this sad statistic is a strong leader.
This Day is a great opportunity for smokers to learn why and how easy it is to quit this bad habit. The fact that a smoker reaches for the next cigarette is called a set of specific processes that occur in the body of a person who smokes. Nicotine is an alkaloid of the pyridine series. It acts as a mild painkiller just 18 minutes after smoking a cigarette. Then the smoker begins to feel more clearly the process when the body is cleansed of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and other unnecessary compounds, removing them due to the internal mechanism of metabolism. In total, with smoke through the lungs it gets about 500 elements and compounds, including nitrogen, ammonia, resins, salts of heavy metals, residues from combustion, and the time of excretion of excess depends on the degree of their penetration into the body and takes a period of several hours up to several days.
The goal of the Day of Smoking Cessation is to take active steps to help reduce the spread of harmful tobacco dependence. This includes the fight against smoking in all walks of life and especially among doctors and medical staff. Widely informing the public about the harmful and harmful effects of tobacco on the health of the smoker and the people around him can have a positive effect on the self-awareness of many smokers. The WHO and a number of international public and medical organizations are proposing to the governments of the countries joining this struggle to protect their public health policies from any interests of the tobacco industry, a number of tax and price measures to reduce demand for tobacco products, and to protect their citizens. from exposure to tobacco smoke.
To help those who want to get rid of a bad habit, the first national service was launched in Ukraine: www.stopsmoking.org.ua.
Quitting smoking is one of the best decisions in every smoker’s life. From the first day of quitting cigarettes, the body begins to recover, and the risks of diseases associated with smoking are reduced. After a week without cigarettes, the ex-smoker improves the sense of taste and smell, after three months the lung volume increases by 30%, after five years the risk of stroke decreases to the level of a non-smoker. The sooner a smoker decides to quit, the better. ”
Press center based on the materials of the Department of Tuberculosis and Pulmonology